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	Battlefield 2 Reviews
             History of the =SWF= Clan
	The Origins of "Spartan" in Spartan War Fighters
	Historical Context of Spartan Dominance
	The Origins of "War Fighter" in Spartan War Fighters
             Interesting Quotes
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	The clan was created to bring together a group of BF2 on-line gamers to 
fight as a team. The goal was to improve member effectiveness and enjoyment 
by having a plan, task organizing, communicating, and stressing teamwork 
towards the accomplishment of a common goal – winning. The clan was founded 
in May 2007 and recruiting started in July 2007.
 
The origin of the “Spartan” in Spartan War Fighters
	Spartans are the epitome of being a warrior and are synonymous with 
dedication to becoming the ideal soldier. They necessitate respect as professional 
war fighters.
	The most important traits of Spartans were toughness, obedience, and 
fearlessness.  A fictional testament to the discipline and toughness of the Spartan 
culture is the tale of a Spartan boy and a fox, in which a boy steals a fox cub and 
is caught by the land owner. The owner confronts the boy and after a lengthy 
interrogation the boy suddenly drops dead. The owner discovers that the fox has 
eaten the boy's insides and the boy had bled to death.  Another great example of 
Spartan toughness of mind and body that actually occurred is the march from 
Sparta to Athens in 490 BC; a distance of 140 miles accomplished in less than 
three days.
	Spartan philosophy, Who needs numbers? This idea enabled them to "fight
to the death." Sparta was the only city state in Greece to buy the arms and armor 
for its soldiers.  The mark of the Spartan army was a red cape and red helmet crest 
with a shield displaying the symbol lambda which is a Greek letter standing for 
Laconia, or Lacedaemon the area surrounding Sparta. The primary weapon used by the 
Spartan soldier was the spear and the secondary weapon was the short sword used 
for close-in fighting. They would march at the enemy or hold their ground, either 
way they simply let the spears do the talking. The formation used in battle was 
the phalanx. It was a tight formation that moved as one and provided an almost 
impenetrable wall of spears. If one man fell, the next soldier would come forward 
to take his place. Their style of fighting influenced other city state armies in 
the region as the Spartan Army would easily lay waste to armies of superior numbers.
	Teamwork and the individual’s effort to benefit the group were extremely
important.  The shield (aspis) symbolized an individual soldier's subordination to 
his unit which was an integral part to the army’s success. The shield further 
symbolized a soldier’s solemn responsibility to his brothers-in-arms.  It was 
critical that the shield not be lost. Spartan mothers sent their son off to battle 
with the clear understanding of "bear your shield or be borne on it", in other words,
"either return victorious or return dead". If a Spartan soldier (hoplite) were to 
return to Sparta alive and without his shield, it was assumed that he threw his shield 
at the enemy in an effort to flee; an act punishable by death or banishment. Of note, 
soldiers losing his helmet, breastplate or greaves (leg armor) was not similarly 
punished, as these items were personal pieces of armor designed to protect the 
individual soldier. However, in a phalanx, the shield protected the soldiers on both 
sides and to the rear. The greatest honor to be bestowed upon a Spartan solider 
was death in the heat of battle.
	For centuries, Sparta's reputation as a land-fighting force was unequaled. 
In fact, Sparta possessed the most formidable army in the Greek World from 
550 to 371 BC. Sparta was a city-state in ancient Greece devoted to military 
training. It regarded itself as the natural protector of Greece.  The society was 
devoted to maintaining a disciplined and ready fighting force of its male citizens. 
Spartan males left home for military boarding school at the age of 7 and were 
required to serve in the army until age 30.
	(2) Perhaps the most widely known event of Spartan war-machine 
effectiveness is related to the conflict with Persia. The Spartan stand at the 
Battle of Thermopylae in 480 BC has been repeatedly cited as an example of the 
advantages of discipline, training, and courage against overwhelming odds.
	In the Battle of Thermopylae, an alliance of Greek city-states fought the 
invading Persian Army at the pass of Thermopylae in central Greece near the east 
coast. The Greeks were vastly outnumbered 300 Spartans, 700 Thespians, and 
about 6,000 other the Greeks held back the Persian force of 1,000,000 for three 
days in one of history's most famous last stands. The small force led by King 
Leonidas of Sparta blocked the pass through the mountains to delay Persia’s 
massive army from passing into southern Greece. 
	King Leonidas dismissed the majority of the Greeks on the third day and 
stayed behind with the remaining 300 Spartans and 700 Thespian volunteers. The 
Persians succeeded in taking the pass and killing all of the remaining Greeks, but 
sustained heavy losses (20,000 dead). The fierce resistance of the Spartan-led 
army offered Athens the invaluable time to prepare for the Persian arrival.
	This led to the subsequent Greek victory at the Battle of Salamis leaving 
much of the Persian Empire's navy destroyed and heavily influenced the Persian 
King’s (Xerxes) decision to withdraw back to Asia. He decided to leave a portion 
(50,000 Persian soldiers) of his army in north-western Greece for the Winter. 
And in the Spring, his army marched south to confront the Greeks. The Spartans 
assembled at full strength and led a pan-Greek army that defeated the Persians 
decisively at the Battle of Plataea. This battle ended the Greco-Persian War and, 
with it, the expansion of the Persian Empire westward into Europe. The defiance 
of the Greeks to be subjugated by the Persians preserved a culture that would 
prosper under democracy and be the founding principals for modern day western 
governments.
	Even after the decline of Sparta as a regional power, it still necessitated 
respect. The father of “Alexander the Great”, Philip II, sent a message to Sparta 
saying "If I enter Laconia, I will level Sparta to the ground", the Spartans 
responded with a single, brief reply: "If".  Philip of Macedon created a league of 
the Greeks on the pretext of unifying Greece for an invasion of Persia. The 
Spartans were excluded from the league because Philip understood the risk of 
attempting to pressure by use of force Laconia to fight with his army.
	After Philip’s death and upon the conquest of Persia, Alexander sent 300
suits of Persian armor to Athens with the following inscription "Alexander son of
 Philip, and the Greeks - except the Spartans - from the barbarians living in Asia".
The 300 suits was symbolic of the sacifice of the 300 Spartans at Thermopylae.
The whole gesture of sending the suits to Athens was directed against the
Spartans who were not interested in participating in the conquest of Persia.
He wanted the Spartans to know the lesser Greeks were able to defeat the
Persians without the Spartans.
The source for this Spartan History is Wikipedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sparta
Historical Context of Spartan Dominance
          Date 			   	Event            
          1194 –1184 BC              		Trojan War
          776 BC 				First Olympics
          753 – 510 BC 		             Roman Kingdom
          550 - 371 BC 		             Spartan ground dominance
          510 – 27 BC 			Roman Republic
          490 BC 				Battle of Marathon (1)
          480 BC 			        Battle of Thermopylae (2)
          479 BC 				Battle of Plataea
          476 – 404 BC 			Athenian naval dominance
          387 BC 				Sack of Rome by the Gauls
          352 – 336 BC 			Philip of Macedonian
          336– 323 BC 			Alexander the Great 
          218 – 212 BC 			Hannibal’s Invasion
          73 – 71 BC 			Rebellion led by Spartacus
          49 - 44 BC 			Julius Ceasar
          31 BC 				Defeat of Mark Antony and Cleopatra
          27 BC – 14 AD 			Augustus Octavian
          27 BC – AD 476 			Western Roman Empire
          72 – 73 AD 			Fall of Masada
          122 – 130 AD 			Construction of Hadrian's Wall
          286 - 1453 AD 			Eastern Roman Empire
          410 AD 				Rome sacked by the Visigoths 
          434 - 453 AD 			Attila the Hun
          455 AD 				Rome sacked by the Vandals
The fall of the Western Roman Empire brought upon the period of the Middle 
Ages.
(1) 1st Marathon run. The origins of the "marathon" comes from the legend of a Greek 
soldier who was sent from the Battle of Marathon to Athens to request assistance in 
the fight against the Persians. The Persians were defeated by the existing Greek soldiers 
on-site without outside assistance.  It is said that the soldier ran the entire distance 
without stopping and moments after proclaiming his message to the city he collapsed dead 
from exhaustion. The mountainous path taken by the soldier has a distance of about 34.5 km 
(21.4 miles). The modern day marathon is a long-distance running event that measures 
42.195 km (26 miles 385 yards).
(2) The Thermopylae portion of the “Spartan” history
The origin of the “War Fighter” in Spartan War Fighters
	A war fighter is a professional who dedicates his life to fighting and 
winning his country’s wars. The war fighter is a manager of violence who 
orchestrates the actions of his brothers-in-arms amidst chaos. He will not accept 
defeat and will never quit. He is determined to lead himself and his fellow fighters 
to victory on the field of battle. 
  
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